ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
The impact of pulmonary valve-sparing techniques on postoperative early and midterm results in tetralogy of Fallot repair
Selim Aydın1, Dilek Suzan1, Bahar Temur1, Barış Kırat2, Müzeyyen İyigün2, İbrahim Halil Demir3, Ender Ödemiş3, Ersin Erek1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Atakent Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medicine Faculty of Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Atakent Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Medicine Faculty of Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Atakent Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2018.15499
Background: In this study, we analyzed the impact of pulmonary valve-sparing techniques on early and midterm postoperative results of tetralogy of Fallot repair.

Methods: A total of 64 patients diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot, who underwent total correction operation by the same surgeon between November 2010 and September 2015 were included in this retrospective study. Mean age of the patients was 20.0±14.2 months (5.5-96 months). Forty patients (62.5%) were male. Thirty two of the patients (50%) were under one year of age. Pulmonary valve-sparing techniques were performed in 29 patients (Group 2), while transannular patch was applied in the remaining 35 patients (Group 1). Pericardial monocusp valve was constructed in 15 patients in Group 1. In Group 2, pulmonary valve-sparing techniques were transatrial repair in nine patients; transatrial-transpulmonary in eight, infundibular patch in eight, and infundibular-pulmonary patch in four patients.

Results: There was no early postoperative mortality in Group 2. Five patients (14.2%) in Group 1 died in the early postoperative period (p=0.058). Pulmonary monocusp insertion was performed in 2 (13.3%) of these patients (p=1). The causes of mortality were sudden cardiac arrest (n=2), multiorgan failure (n=1), low cardiac output (n=1), and neurological complications (n=1). Five patients in Group 1 required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support (ECMO). Three of them were separated from ECMO and two of the patients that were separated were discharged uneventfully. Total postoperative morbidity rate was significantly higher in Group 1 (51.4% vs. 6.8%) (p=0.0001). Morbidity rate was significantly lower in patients with pulmonary monocusp insertion than patients in the same group without a monocusp (p=0.0176). Forty nine (83%) of the patients were followed up for a median of 6.5 (1-24) months. While free pulmonary regurgitation was detected in all non-monocusp patients in Group 1, pulmonary regurgitation was absent or mild in Group 2. Twelve (80%) of the patients in Group 1 who had monocusp insertion were followed up. Only two of these patients had free pulmonary regurgitation (16.6%). The rest of them had mild (n=6) or mildmoderate pulmonary regurgitation (n=4).

Conclusion: Mortality and morbidity rates are lower when pulmonary valvesparing techniques are used in repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Monocusp pulmonary valve insertion may improve results in patients who require transannular patch repair. It is suggested that every effort should be made to achieve a competently working pulmonary valve during repair.

Keywords : Monocusp; pulmonary valve-sparing; tetralogy of Fallot; transannular patch
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