ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Does severe contralateral carotid artery stenosis affect the outcomes of carotid endarterectomy?
Serkan Burç Deser1, Mustafa Kemal Demirağ1, Fersat Kolbakır1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2019.15878
Background: This study aims to evaluate the effect of contralateral internal carotid artery stenosis on postoperative stroke and mortality rate and blood pressure alterations following carotid artery endarterectomy.

Methods: Between January 2009 and April 2017, a total of 152 carotid artery endarterectomy operations in 141 consecutive patients (30 females, 111 males; mean age 70.0±10.2 years; range, 48 to 92 years) with internal carotid artery stenosis were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups as those with contralateral internal carotid artery stenosis <70% (n=95) and contralateral internal carotid artery stenosis ?70% (n=26). Stroke and mortality rates in the early postoperative period (within the first 30 days), postoperative blood pressure alterations at six and 24 hours, non-neurological outcomes, and baseline demographic characteristics were analyzed and compared between the groups.

Results: Both groups showed similar results in terms of the demographic characteristics. There was no statistically significant difference in the postoperative blood pressure alterations at six (p=0.917) and 24 hours (p=0.6), stroke rate (7.6% vs. 3.1%, p=0.282), mortality rate (3.8% vs. 2.1%, p=0.519), non-neurological complications (15.3% vs. 11.4%, p=0.736), and length of hospital stay (p>0.05) between the groups. The patients with contralateral severe internal carotid artery stenosis were younger (p=0.005).

Conclusion: The present study shows that the presence of a contralateral severe internal carotid artery stenosis does not increase the risk of postoperative stroke and mortality rates and blood pressure alterations. Therefore, carotid artery endarterectomy can be performed with acceptable complication rates in patients with contralateral severe internal carotid artery stenosis with strict perioperative hemodynamic monitoring.

Keywords : Blood pressure; carotid endarterectomy; contralateral carotid artery stenosis; stroke
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