ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Treatment of Superior Vena Caval Syndrome with PTFE Vascular Graft
Öztekin OTO, Murat ERTÜRK, Hüdai ÇATALYÜREK, Nejat SARIOSMANOĞLU, *Mehmet TÜRE
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı
*SSK Bozyaka Eğitim Hastanesi Göğüs, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Kliniği
Causes of life threatening superior vena caval obstruction can be benign, malign, and iatrogenic which are increasing markedly in the last decaides.

Venous obstruction is caused by four basic mechanisms: thrombosis, fibrosis, compression, or invasion [4], Benign causes of superior vena caval obstruction are often mediastinal fibrosis and fungus (histoplasmosis) infection. Malign causes of superior vena caval obstruction are often bronchogenic carsinoma and other malign tumors [1,4]. Recently, the incidance of iatrogenic upper extremity venous obstruction which was caused by longterm used intravenous catheter, pacemaker electrod, has increased markedly and has become more important causes of obstruction [1,4].

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