ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Acute effects of manual therapy on respiratory parameters in thoracic outlet syndrome
Tüzün Fırat1, Melda Sağlam1, Naciye Vardar Yağlı1, Yasin Tunç1, Ebru Çalık Kütükçü1, Kıvanç Delioğlu1, Deniz İnal İnce1, Hülya Arıkan1, Bülent Mustafa Yenigün2
1Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2019.17375

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate the acute effects of manual therapy on pain perception and respiratory parameters in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome.

Methods: The study included 10 patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (1 male, 9 females; mean age 31.3±9.0 years; range, 20 to 43 years). Patients were accepted in a single session of manual therapy involving the cervical spine and thorax. Stretching of scalene, upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, rectus abdominis, hip flexor muscles; and mobilization of first rib, cervical and thoracic spine, sacroiliac joints and thorax were applied as manual therapy program. Pain perceptions of upper arm and neck were assessed with visual analog scale. Measurements were performed before and immediately after of a 30-minute session of manual therapy. Pulmonary function testing was performed with a spirometer. Respiratory muscle strength (inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength, maximal inspiratory pressure and maximal expiratory pressure, respectively) was measured. Respiratory muscle endurance was recorded using sustained threshold loading of 35% maximal inspiratory pressure.

Results: There were no significant changes in any pulmonary function parameters or maximal expiratory pressure following manual therapy intervention (p>0.05). However, maximal inspiratory pressure and respiratory muscle endurance improved (p<0.05). Pain perceptions of upper arm and neck reduced after treatment (p<0.05).

Conclusion: A 30-minute single manual therapy session improved inspiratory muscle strength and respiratory muscle endurance but not pulmonary function and expiratory muscle strength in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome. Manual therapy may facilitate functional breathing and support use of primary respiratory muscles more effectively together with rapid pain reduction. The long-term effects of regular manual therapy on respiratory parameters should be investigated after surgical procedures.

Keywords : Inspiratory muscle strength; manual therapy; thoracic outlet syndrome

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