ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Risk of mortality assessment in pediatric heart surgery
Özge Köner1, Deniz Özsoy2, İsmail Haberal2, Ali Ekrem Köner3, Cenk Eray Yıldız2, Gürkan Çetin2
1Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Yeditepe University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, İstanbul University Institute of Cardiology, İstanbul, Turkey
33Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty of Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2013.7658
Background: This study aims to evaluate the validity of Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) 1, PIM 2, and modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (m-SOFA) scores for predicting mortality in pediatric heart surgery.

Methods: Between June 2003 and January 2009, medical files of 456 pediatric patients who were monitored in a 12-bed postoperative cardiac surgery care unit following heart surgery were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 373 files were included in the study. Age, gender, diagnosis, the length of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital, survival rates, PIM 1, PIM 2 scores and m-SOFA scores on admission, at 24 and 48 hours and peak m-SOFA scores were recorded. Student’s t test was used to compare the normally distributed data, whereas Mann-Whitney-U test was used to compare non-parametric data. Calibration of the scores was performed using the Hosmer and Lemeshow Goodness of Fit test. Discrimination power of the scores was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

Results: Fifty patients (13.4%) died perioperatively. Peak and m-SOFA scores on admission were significantly higher in nonsurvivors (9.8±2 and 9.2±2, respectively) than survivors (5±2.5 and 4.6±2.5, respectively; p<0.01). Calibration with Hosmer- Lemeshow Goodness of Fit test was chi-square df (8)=30.4, p=0.0002 for PIM 1 and chi-square df (9)=13.5, p=0.13 for PIM 2. Discrimination power and calibration strength of PIM 2 score was good (ROC 0.82), whereas PIM 1 had a better value (ROC 0.87) of discrimination power with a poor calibration strength. The ROC values of peak and m-SOFA scores on admission were observed to have a good discrimination power (0.93 and 0.92, respectively).

Conclusion: Our study results demonstrate that peak and m-SOFA scores on admission are improved for the prediction of mortality in pediatric cardiac surgery, compared to PIM 1 and PIM 2 scores.

Keywords : Mortality prediction; m-SOFA score; pediatric cardiac surgery; PIM 1 score; PIM 2 score
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