ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Evaluation of polylactide film for prevention of pericardial adhesion in a rabbit model
Orçun Gürbüz1, Abdülkadir Ercan1, Murat Biçer2, Gencehan Kumtepe1, Sami Bayram3, Işık Şenkaya2, Davit Saba2
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty of Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, Turkey
2Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty of Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey
3Departments of Thorasic Surgery, Medical Faculty of Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2015.10487
Background: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a bioabsorbable polylactide film, which was proven to be effective in preventing pelvic adhesions, in prevention of postoperative pericardial adhesions in an animal model.

Methods: Forty New Zealand white rabbits were divided equally into control and treatment groups. Subjects were performed left anterior thoracotomy and partial pericardiectomy followed by epicardial abrasion. In control groups (group 1 and 2), the pericardium was left open to allow retrosternal adhesions. In treatment groups (group 3 and 4), the pericardial defect was closed with 0.02 mm bioabsorbable polylactide film. Postoperative macroscopic and microscopic evaluations were made by the same blinded observers at the end of the third week in group 1 and 3, and at the end of the sixth week in group 2 and 4.

Results: Macroscopic and histopathologic examinations revealed no significant differences between control and treatment groups in terms of adhesion formation. However, polylactide film supported the growth of a mesotheliumlike layer in the treatment groups.

Conclusion: Although polylactide film assists in the regeneration of mesothelial cells layer, it does not prevent the development of pericardial adhesions.

Keywords : Bioabsorbable polylactide film; cardiac surgery; pericardial adhesions
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