ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
The impacts of isolated N1 lymph nodes metastasis on prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer: A single-center experience
Hüseyin Fatih Sezer1, Aykut Eliçora1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2022.21303
Background: This study aims to investigate long-term results related to N1 group metastases with respect to anatomical localization and many external parameters and to examine the effect of these parameters on prognosis in patients with in nonsmall cell lung cancer.

Methods: Between January 2006 and May 2019, a total of 52 patients (44 males, 8 females; mean age: 59.9±9.5 years; range, 42 to 80 years) who underwent lobectomy due to primary lung malignancy were retrospectively analyzed. The N1 lymph nodes were divided into three anatomical groups as hilar, peribronchial, and intraparenchymal. Demographic features, tumor features, follow-up characteristics, and survival and diseasefree survival parameters were analyzed for each group. The results were also examined in terms of number of metastasis, number of metastatic levels, rate of metastasis, and histopathological type.

Results: The five-year survival rate was 66.4% in the peribronchial group and 50% in the hilar group. The five-year disease-free survival rate was 45.7% in the peribronchial group and 37.5% in the hilar group. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of survival and disease-free survival for anatomical localization, number of metastasis, number of metastatic levels, rate of metastasis, and histopathological type (p>0.05 for all).

Conclusion: The structure that would be formed by examining N1 in terms of parameters such as subtitle levels, number of metastasis, number of metastatic stations, rate of metastasis or combinations of these would have a more impact on the decisions in the follow-up and treatment process in this patient population.

Keywords : Lung cancer, N1 lymph node, prognosis
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