ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
The effect of ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block in addition to intrathecal morphine on early postoperative period after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
Mustafa Azizoğlu1, Davud Yapıcı1, Abdülkerim Bayülgen2, Aslınur Sagün1, Levent Özdemir1, Şebnem Rumeli1
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey
2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2021.20804
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of serratus anterior plane block in addition to intrathecal morphine for early postoperative period after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery on the amount of morphine consumption and the Visual Analog Scale scores.

Methods: This single-blind, randomized-controlled study included a total of 64 patients (39 males, 25 females; mean age: 53.6±17.0 years; range, 20 to 89 years) who were scheduled for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in a tertiary hospital between September 2019 and March 2020. Postoperative pain control was achieved with intrathecal morphine 0.6 mg addition to serratus anterior plane block (Group ITM+SAPB) or with only intrathecal morphine (Group ITM) after an induction of anesthesia. The serratus anterior plane block was performed with a single injection of 0.4 mL/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine at the level of fifth rib with ultrasound guidance. Morphine consumption, pain scores, and side effects were recorded in the postoperative period.

Results: The mean morphine consumption was significantly lower in the ITM+SAPB group at all time points. Compared to the control group, the Visual Analog Scale-resting and coughing scores were significantly lower in the first 12 h after surgery. Pain scores were significantly higher in the ITM+SAPB group in patients where the trocar was inserted at upper level of the fifth rib than the lower level (3-5 vs. 5-8) during the first 6 h after surgery.

Conclusion: The use of serratus anterior plane block in addition to intrathecal morphine is a safe and effective way to improve pain control for early postoperative period after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The serratus anterior plane block ensures better analgesia until the peak effect of spinal morphine occurs.

Keywords : Intrathecal injections, nerve block, opioid analgesics, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, ultrasonography
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