ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Predictors of pulmonary hypertension after atrial septal defect closure: Impact of atrial fibrillation
Mehmet Çelik1, Yusuf Yılmaz2, Ayhan Küp1, Muzaffer Kahyaoğlu1, Ali Karagöz1, Nihal Özdemir1, Cihangir Kaymaz1, Mehmet Kaan Kırali3
1Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medeniyet Universitesi Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Türkiye
3Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2022.23639
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the course of pulmonary artery systolic pressure, to identify factors associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and to determine the impact of atrial septal defect closure on clinical outcomes in long-term follow-up.

Methods: Between March 2008 and August 2020, a total of 547 adult patients (193 males, 354 females; median age: 37 years; range, 27.5 to 47 years) with secundum atrial septal defect were retrospectively analyzed. Of these patients, 304 underwent percutaneous defect closure and 243 underwent isolated surgical repairs. Pulmonary arterial hypertension was defined as a noninvasively estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure of ?40 mmHg at the final follow-up after atrial septal defect closure. Factors associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension were analyzed.

Results: Sixty-nine (12.6%) patients presented with pulmonary arterial hypertension at the final follow-up. A total of 35 (6.4%) patients had persistent atrial fibrillation before atrial septal defect closure, and 22 of these 35 patients had pulmonary arterial hypertension during long-term follow-up. Older age at the time of atrial septal defect closure (HR: 4.76; 95% CI: 2.68-8.44; p<0.001), the presence of persistent atrial fibrillation (HR: 2.18; 95% CI: 1.21-3.91; p=0.009), and greater right ventricular basal diameter (HR: 4.78; 95% CI: 2.57-8.84; p<0.001) were found to be associated with late pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Conclusion: The presence of persistent atrial fibrillation may be used to predict patients at higher risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension after atrial septal defect closure.

Keywords : Atrial septal defect, persistent atrial fibrillation, pulmonary hypertension, surgical closure, transcatheter closure
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