ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
The effects of severe functional mitral regurgitation on right ventricular function in patients with advanced heart failure who were on waiting list for heart transplant
Büşra Güvendi Şengör1, Zübeyde Bayram1, Cem Doğan1, Süleyman Çağan Efe1, Hacer Ceren Tokgöz1, Cihangir Kaymaz1, Mehmet Kaan Kırali2, Nihal Özdemir1
1Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu High Specialization Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kartal Koşuyolu High Specialization Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2022.22791
Background: This study aims to investigate the effects of severe functional mitral regurgitation on the parameters that reflect right ventricular function such as tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and right ventricular stroke work index in potential heart transplant recipients.

Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2017, a total of 282 consecutive patients (250 males, 32 females; mean age: 46±10 years; range, 18 to 66 years) with advanced heart failure who were referred for heart transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups as severe (n=84) and non-severe functional mitral regurgitation (n=198). Patients" medical histories, demographic characteristics, echocardiographic evaluations, and findings of right heart catheterization were recorded.

Results: The two groups were similar in terms of left ventricular ejection fraction, the New York Heart Association functional class, Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support profile, and the duration of heart failure (p>0.05). Both groups were also similar with respect to tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and right ventricular stroke work index. Functional mitral regurgitation was the only statistically significant variable in the univariate analysis for tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (odds ratio [OR]: 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.34-0.97; p=0.04), with no significant effect in the multivariate analysis. In the univariate analysis for right ventricular stroke work index, pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (OR: 0.77; 95% CI 0.67-0.88; p<0.001) was a significant variable and also had a significant effect in the multivariate analysis (OR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.87-0.97; p=0.003). In the tertile analyses, there were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and right ventricular stroke work index.

Conclusion: We found no significant difference in right ventricular functions between the severe and non-severe functional mitral regurgitation groups in patients with advanced heart failure who had relatively short follow-up. Right ventricle can maintain its normal function at early stage. Adaptive remodeling of right ventricle may have an effect on these findings. Severe functional mitral regurgitation may be associated with adverse effects on advanced heart failure by increasing the right ventricular afterload.

Keywords : Advanced heart failure, functional mitral regurgitation, right ventricular function
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