ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Catastrophic embolism of a suddenly ruptured isolated cardiac cyst hydatid: An unusual case report
Mehmet Özbek1, Muhammed Demir1, Mehmet Karaçalılar2, Adem Aktan3
1Department of Cardiology, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
2Cardiovascular Surgery, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
3Department of Cardiology, Mardin State Hospital, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.23579
Hydatid cysts can be located in any organ or tissue system. Cardiac hydatid cyst is a rare, but fatal pathology. A 21-year-old male Syrian refugee patient with no previous known medical conditions was admitted to the hospital for chest pain and shortness of breath. He had increasing leg pain for 12 hours. Hydatid cyst rupture was detected on echocardiography. The peripheral artery thrombus and hydatid cyst membrane were removed with the embolectomy. The patient had renal and cranial infarctions. He underwent fasciotomy due to compartment syndrome. In conclusion, delayed diagnosis and treatment of cardiac hydatid cysts may result in a poor prognosis associated with the risk of rupture and is responsible for the spread of infection throughout the body as a result of the rupture. Even if there is an early diagnosis, surgical treatment supported by medical treatment is recommended very early.
Keywords : Cardiac hydatid cyst, echocardiography, embolectomy
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