ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Surgical Therapeutic Modalities in the End-stage Cardiac Failure
Erdem SİLİSTRELİ, *Öztekin OTO
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, İzmir
*Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı Başkanı, İzmir
As the mean age of the population increases and by the effect of advencing methods reducing the mortality rate from the cardiac diseases, severe cardiac failure is becoming a frequently seen health problem in the society, which can be encountered as the secondary frequent illness among the cardiovascular diseases. It has the high morbidity and mortality ratios and a worse prognosis. In spite of the fact that significant progresses have been achieved in the medical treatment methods, there are various surgical methods which can be performed in that group of patients. In this paper we have summerized such methods with the recent advances as in the groups of extending the indications of coronary bypass and other open heart surgical procedures, dynamic cardiomyoplasty, Batista operation, TMR (Transmyocardial Laser Revascularisation), IABP (Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump), left heart bypass method, mechanical assist devices, artificial heart and cardiac transplantation.
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