ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
“Pinch-off syndrome”: an unusual complication following central venous port implantation
Kazım Beşirli1, Ahmet Demirkaya2, Mine Yılmaz Demirbaş1, Zeki Kılıç1
1İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul
2İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul
Pinch-off syndrome is a rare complication which develops due to compression of the venous catheter between the clavicle and the first rib with subclavius muscle and costoclavicular ligament. Rarely embolization of venous catheter fragments to the pulmonary vasculature (0.2-1%) occurs due to trauma resulting from compression. Regular postoperative X-rays can help determine whether there are compression findings. To minimize the risk of catheter compression, a more lateral insertion to the subclavian vein may be used or cephalic vein cut-down may be performed. Also the pinch-off syndrome may be avoided by using the internal jugular vein. In this article we present a case of a patient who had a terminal stage colon tumor and catheter pulmonary embolization from an implanted venous port, together with a review of the literature.
Keywords : Pinch-off syndrome; venous cathater embolism; venous port complications
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