ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Noninvasive mechanical ventilation in the treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema
Akın Kaya, Aydın Çiledağ
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) is a common cause of respiratory failure that necessitates endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation. In patients with ACPE noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) may reduce intubation rate and hence, the complications related with endotracheal intubation. There has been a steady stream of trials investigating the effectiveness of NIMV in the treatment of ACPE, and NIMV has been shown to improve physiological parameters quickly and decrease endotracheal intubation and mortality. There are essentially two modes of NIMV that are used in the treatment of ACPE: continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and noninvasive pressure support ventilation or bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP). Both CPAP and BIPAP have been demonstrated to be well tolerated and are not associated with any serious events.
Keywords : Cardiogenic pulmonary edema; mechanical ventilation; noninvasive
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