ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Bronchoscopic volume reduction in severe emphysema
Çağatay Tezel, Cemal Asım Kutlu
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Süreyyapasa Chest Disease and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2012.189
For the past decade, volume reduction surgical intervention has been adopted for the management of end-stage emphysematous lung diseases, as an alternative to medical treatment. Within the same purpose, endobronchial volume reduction surgery has been used recently for the patients who are not eligible for surgery. In this article, we present a 55-year-old male patient with a significant bilateral lower lobe emphysematous lung disease accompanied by a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) value of 0.47 lt (13%). He underwent bronchoscopic occlusion of segmental and subsegmental bronchial occlusion using nine “Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot’s” through rigid bronchoscope. After six months of follow-up, FEV1 value was estimated as 0.74 lt (21%), which was nearly twofold increase compared to preoperative levels. Total lung capacity and residual volume was reduced to 9.2 lt (102%) and 4.2 lt (150%), respectively. This minimal invasive endobronchial methods may be effective in patients who are in the waiting list of transplantation or ineligible candidates for surgery.
Keywords : Bronchoscopy; emphysema; endobronchial treatment; volume reduction surgery
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