ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Risk factors for early mortality and morbidity after pneumonectomy
Gönül Sağıroğlu1, Elif Çopuroğlu1, Burhan Meydan2, Erdal Taşçı3, Y. Altemur Karamustafaoğlu4, Ayşe Baysal5, Yener Yörük4
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
1Departments of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
2Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Süreyyapaşa Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Hospital Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Süreyyapaşa Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Hospital Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
4Departments of Thoracic Surgery, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
5Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2014.8696
Background: This study aims to investigate possible risk factors which affect the mortality and morbidity of pneumonectomy patients due to the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: Demographic, clinical and pathological features of 100 patients (96 males, 4 females; mean age 58.4±8.9 years; range 38 to 82 years) who underwent pneumonectomy between April 2008 and October 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: The morbidity and mortality rates were found to be 56% and 14%, respectively. The complications included cardiopulmonary in 46%, bleeding in 7%, and wound infection in 3% patients. There was no significant effect of age, sex, smoking habit, diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease on 30-day morbidity and mortality. Neoadjuvant therapy (p=0.049), right pneumonectomy (p=0.01), and intraoperative blood transfusion (p=0.049) were associated with significantly increased morbidity. The duration of intensive care unit and hospital stays was significantly longer in patients with respiratory failure and bronchopleural fistula.

Conclusion: Pneumonectomy is a high-risk procedure in patients with neoadjuvant therapy, right pneumonectomy, and intraoperative blood transfusion. However, we believe that it is possible to reduce the risk factors with careful preoperative evaluation, rigorous anesthetic assessment and surgical interventions.

Keywords : Morbidity; mortality; pneumonectomy
Viewed : 12173
Downloaded : 1887