ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
The comparison of wall thickness of esophagus and gastroesophageal junction using computed tomography with endoscopy and biopsy results
Fatma Durmaz1, Mesut Özgökçe2, Nurşen Toprak2, Furkan Çağrı Oğuzlar3, Cemil Göya2
1Department of Radiology, Hakkari State Hospital, Hakkari, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Medicine Faculty, Van, Turkey
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Hakkari State Hospital, Hakkari, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2020.19072
Background: This study aims to establish a cut-off value for increases in the esophageal wall thickness measured using computed tomography to differentiate between benign and malignant pathologies.

Methods: A total of 144 patients (61 males, 83 females; mean age 57.2±12.4 years; range, 24 to 86 years) who underwent thoracic and/or abdominal computed tomography in the radiology clinic between January 2015 and June 2018 for any reason and who were found to have a thickening of the esophageal wall or gastroesophageal junction were retrospectively analyzed. Tomography images were examined by two radiologists who reached consensus on the wall morphology and thickness, anatomic localization, and any accompanying findings regardless of the endoscopy results. Benign and malignant patients were identified from the endoscopy and/or biopsy results. The receiver operating characteristic analysis was carried out to establish a cut-off value for the lesion wall thickness to differentiate between benign and malignant pathologies and to determine a cut-off value for the lesionlevel thickness-normal segment thickness ratio.

Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the wall thicknesses of patients with esophageal cancer and those with benign lesions. According to a cut-off value for wall thickness of 13.5 mm, sensitivity and specificity were found to be 94.3% and 100%, respectively. The lesion-level thickness-normal segment thickness ratio was found to be statistically significant in malignant-benign differentiation, and a significant correlation was found between the asymmetric thickening and malignancy.

Conclusion: Increases in the esophageal wall thickness and asymmetry detected on computed tomography can contribute to the early diagnosis of esophageal cancers, particularly in regions endemic to esophageal cancer as in Van province in eastern anatolia region of Turkey. Asymmetric wall thicknesses over 13.5 mm would be highly significant in terms of malignancy in tomographic examinations.

Keywords : Computed tomography, esophageal cancer, thickness of esophageal wall
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