ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
TURKISH JOURNAL OF
THORACIC AND
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Anesthetic management in lung transplantation: Our single-center experience
Atakan Erkılınç1, Pınar Karaca Baysal1, Mustafa Emre Gürcü1
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kartal Koşuyolu High Specialization Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2021.9490
Background: In this study, we aimed to discuss our anesthesia management strategies, experiences, and outcomes in patients undergoing lung transplantation.

Methods: Between December 2016 and December 2018, a total of 53 patients (43 males, 10 females; mean age: 46.1±13 years; range, 14 to 64 years) undergoing lung transplantation in our center were included. The anesthesia technique, patients" characteristics, and perioperative clinical and follow-up data were recorded. The stage of lung disease was assessed using the New York Heart Association functional classification.

Results: Two patients underwent single lung transplantation, while 51 patients underwent double lung transplantation. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis was the most common indication in 41.5% of the patients. All patients had end-stage lung disease (Class IV) and 79% were oxygen-dependent. The extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was given to 32 patients.

Conclusion: The anesthetic management of lung transplantation is challenging, either due to the deterioration of the recipient"s physical performance and the complexity of the surgical techniques used. In general, a kind of mechanical support may be needed and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is the first choice in the majority of patients. A close communication should be maintained between the surgeons, perfusion technicians, and anesthesiologists to ensure an optimal multidisciplinary approach and to achieve successful outcomes.

Keywords : Anesthetic management, lung transplantation, thoracic surgery
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