ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Borate reduces experimental supra-celiac aortic clamping-induced oxidative stress in lung and kidney, but fails to prevent organ damage
Tünay Kurtoğlu1, Selim Durmaz1, Ömer Faruk Rahman1, Nesibe Kahraman Çetin2, Mustafa Yılmaz3, Emin Barbarus1, Muhammet Hüseyin Erkan1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey
2Department of Medical Pathology, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey
3Department of Medical Biochemistry, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2021.21870
Background: This study aims to investigate the effects of 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) on aortic clamping-induced lung and kidney tissue oxidation, tissue inflammation, and histological damage in a rat model.

Methods: A total of 28 adult female Wistar albino rats were randomly allocated to four equal groups: Control group, ischemia-reperfusion group, dimethyl sulfoxide group, and 2-APB group. Animals in the control group underwent median laparotomy. In the remaining groups, supra-celiac aorta was clamped for 45 min and, then, reperfusion was constituted for 60 min. The 2-APB (2 mg/kg) was administered before clamping. The remaining groups received saline (ischemia-reperfusion group) or dimethyl sulfoxide (dimethyl sulfoxide group). Kidney and lung tissue samples were harvested at the end of reperfusion.

Results: Aortic occlusion caused increased tissue total oxidant status and reduced total antioxidant status and glutathione levels in the ischemia-reperfusion and dimethyl sulfoxide groups. Tissue interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels, nuclear factor kappa beta activation, and histological damage severity scores were also higher in these groups. The 2-APB treatment eliminated the increase in total oxidant status and the decrease in total antioxidant status and glutathione levels. It also caused a decrease in the interleukin-1 beta levels, although it did not significantly alter the tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels, nuclear factor kappa beta immunoreactivity, and histological damage scores.

Conclusion: Borate exerted a beneficial antioxidant effect as evidenced by reduced oxidative stress; however, it did not inhibit nuclear factor kappa beta activation and prevent histological damage in supra-celiac aortic clamping-induced kidney and lung injury in rats.

Keywords : Cytokines, borate, nuclear factor kappa beta, oxidative stress, reperfusion injury
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