ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Evaluation of aortic arch morphologies by computed tomographic angiography in Turkish population
Emrah Terzioğlu1, Çağrı Damar1
1Department of Radiology, Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2022.22474
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the aortic arch morphologies in the Turkish population using the computed tomography angiography technique.

Methods: Between August 2009 and August 2019, a total of 2,037 (1,003 males, 1,034 females; mean age: 52.8±20.3 years; range, 3 months to 100 years) thoracic computed tomography angiography scans were retrospectively analyzed. The findings were classified as described previously in the literature. The prevalence of aortic arch morphologies and possible relationship with sex were analyzed. The prevalence of variations reported in previous studies was compared with the current study.

Results: The normal aortic arch pattern (type A), observed in 1,562 cases (76.7%), was determined statistically significantly more in males than females (p<0.05). The most common variation, bovine aortic arch (type B1) which observed in a total of 315 cases (15.5%), was determined statistically significantly more in females than males (p<0.05). The second most frequent variation, in which the left vertebral artery originates directly from the aortic arch (type C1) was detected in 97 cases (4.7%). There was also observed to be aberrant right subclavian artery in 21 cases (1%), right-sided aortic arch variation in seven cases (0.4%), and double aortic arch anomaly in four cases (0.1%). In terms of the reported frequency of type B variation, a significant difference was determined between the current and previous studies in Türkiye (p<0.05).Conclusion: With the largest sample size to date, this study provides comparative information about the prevalence of aortic arch patterns in the Turkish population.

Keywords : Aberrant right subclavian artery, anatomy, aortic arch, bovine arch, computed tomography angiography, double arch
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