ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Anterior mediastinal tumor surgery applying single-port thoracoscopy using the subxiphoid approach
Hao Chen1, Bindong Xu1, Qiang Zhang1, Pengfei Chen1, Maoen Cai1, Jinmei Yao1
1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, Putian, China
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.23455
Background: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of application of single-port thoracoscopy using the subxiphoid approach in anterior mediastinal tumor surgery.

Methods: Between June 2014 and June 2016, a total of 108 patients (59 males, 49 females; mean age: 64.9±7.5 years; range, 45 to 79 years) with anterior mediastinal tumors were randomized into subxiphoid (experimental) or right chest (control) groups. Single-port thoracoscopy using the subxiphoid approach was performed in the subxiphoid group, while thoracoscopy using the right thoracic approach was performed in the control group. Preand postoperative pain stress indicators, Visual Analog Scale scores, quality of life scores, postoperative tumor recurrence, and five-year survival rates were compared between the groups.

Results: There were no mortality or serious complications in either group. The mean Visual Analog Scale pain scores on postoperative Days 1 and 7 were 6.5±0.8 and 2.9±0.8 in the subxiphoid group, respectively, compared to 7.2±0.8 and 3.4±0.8 in the control group (p<0.05 for all), respectively. The mean quality of life scores on postoperative Days 1 and 7 were 81.5±5.0 and 79.3±7.7, respectively, in the subxiphoid group compared to 72.4±4.3 and 71.3±4.8 in the control group, respectively (p<0.05 for all). Postoperative pain and pain mediator indexes were lower in the subxiphoid group (p<0.05 for all). The postoperative tumor recurrence rates were 3.70% and 20.37% in the subxiphoid and control groups, respectively (p=0.008). The five-year survival rates were 85.2% and 63.0% in the subxiphoid and control groups, respectively (p=0.008).

Conclusion: Single-port thoracoscopy using the subxiphoid approach is technically feasible, safe, and effective in performing surgery for anterior mediastinal tumors with an intact capsule and a tumor diameter of ≤5 cm.

Keywords : Anterior mediastinal tumor, surgery, thoracoscopy, tumor, xiphoid
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