ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Predictors of extubation in the operating room after pediatric cardiac surgery: A single-center retrospective study
Mehmet Biçer1, Şima Kozan2, Kamil Darçın3, Seçil Çetin3, Murat Tanyıldız4, Metehan Kızılkaya5, Arzu Baygül2, Atıf Akçevin1
1Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Koç University Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
2Student, Koç University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Türkiye
3Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Koç University Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
4Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Koç University Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
5Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Koç University Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.24911
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the outcomes of our on-table extubation strategy in patients with congenital heart disease.

Methods: Between April 2021 and November 2022, a total of 114 pediatric patients (58 males, 56 females; median age: 25.3 months; range, 57.5 to 4.4 months) who were operated for congenital heart diseases were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were evaluated according to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (STS-EACTS) scoring system. Perioperative patient data were analyzed and correlated with the extubation status.

Results: Overall, 56% of the patients were extubated in the operating room. There was an association between fluid balance per unit body surface area, longer cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times and on-table extubation. Lactate value prior to extubation, STS-EACTS mortality category, estimated mortality, and estimated morbidity were statistically significant with regards to the achievability of extubation. Multivariate analysis revealed lactate value prior to extubation and estimated postoperative length of hospital stay to be significant factors affecting on-table extubation. There was a significant correlation between decreased length of intensive care unit and hospital stay and on-table extubation.

Conclusion: The outcomes of our on-table extubation strategy for patients with congenital heart disease reveal the feasibility of this approach. Higher lactate and fluid balance/body surface area levels, longer cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass durations, increased surgical complexity are indicators of a failure to perform on-table extubation. This strategy is also associated with shorter intensive care unit and hospital length of stays as an additional clinical benefit.

Keywords : Airway extubation, cardiac surgery, congenital heart diseases
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