ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
OUR INFRAPOPLITEAL BYPASS APPLICATIONS
Kazım BEŞİRLİ, Kamran KAZIMOĞLU, Gökçe ŞİRİN, Hasan TÜZÜN
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Ana Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, Turkey
Background: Bypass procedures related to the popliteal, anterior tibial, posterior tibial, peroneal and plantar arteries and tibioperoneal trunk have a great importance in the treatment of infrapopliteal atherosclerotic occlusive diseases.

Methods: In our study, 95 cases operated for infrapopliteal atherosclerotic disease between 1990-1999 were examined including follow up and results. The most common inflow site was the common femoral artery (71.13%). Distal anastomoses were performed on infrapopliteal artery in 68.42%, posterior tibial artery in 13.68%, the tibioperoneal trunk in 11.58% and the anterior tibial artery in 6.31% of the cases. The most commonly used graft material was the autogenous saphenous vein.

Results: The first and the second year patency rates for below knee popliteal artery bypasses were 88.2% and 80.2%, respectively. It was 76.3% and 67% for anterior tibial artery, 81.3% and 76.6% for tibioperoneal trunk, 78.2% and 62.3% for posterior tibial artery bypasses. For the reversed autogenous saphenous vein group, the first and second year patency rates were 87.5% and 79.4%. For in situ autogenous saphenous vein group it was 83% and 75.6%. These rates were significantly higher compared to the polytetrafluoroethylene used group (59.5% and 50.8%).

Conclusions: All infrapopliteal arteries can be used as outflow tract in femorodistal bypass surgery. Infrapopliteal bypasses can be performed easly using autogenous saphenous vein grafts and the results are better.

Keywords : Distal bypass, autogenous saphenous vein, polytetrafluoroethylene, graft
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