ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Determinants of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: prophylactic beta-blocker plus statin therapy for prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation
İbrahim Gökşin1, Mustafa Saçar1, Ahmet Baltalarlı1, Hülya Sungurtekin2, Vefa Özcan1, Fahri Adalı1, Derviş Verdi1, Özgür Kalkancı1
1Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Pamukkale University, Denizli
2Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medicine Faculty of Pamukkale University, Denizli
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and predictors of post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) atrial fibrillation (AF) and also, to investigate the effect of β-blocker plus statin use on post-CABG AF.

Methods: Between September 2003 and April 2004, 121 consecutive patients (99 males, 22 females; mean age 61.2±7.5 years; range 39 to 78 years) undergoing elective CABG surgery were included to the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to the absence [group-SR (sinus ryhtym), n=92] or presence [group-AF, n=29] of post- CABG AF. Variables were compared by Fischer’s exact test, chi-square and independent samples t-test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used for independent predictors of post-CABG AF.

Results: Post-CABG AF was detected in 23.9%. Mean age (66.6±7.2 vs 59.4±7.9, p=0.0001) and the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (13.8 vs 2.2%, p=0.012) were higher in group-AF. The patient is older than 63 years of age (41.3 vs 13.3%, p=0.0001, area under the ROC curve of 0.748) have an increased prevalance of post-CABG AF. Much more frequent occurrence of post-CABG AF was in the patients without using β-blocker drug (40% vs 19.8%, p=0.035). Post-CABG AF was lower in the patients receiving statin than the patients not receiving statin (15.9% vs 34.6%, p=0.017). Post-CABG AF was lower in the patients receiving β-blocker plus statin therapy (13.3 vs 43.8%, p=0.015) than the patients not receiving these drugs. White blood cell (WBC) count of the patients receiving statin were lower than the patients not receiving statin (10618±3540 vs 13038±5661, p=0.005) in postoperative day 2 (POD 2). Chest tube drainage (1048.6±776.2 vs 641.5±514.6, p=0.001), and WBC count (13210±5550 vs 11160±4320, p=0.041), serum BUN (33.8±32.5 vs 21.6±13, p=0.004) in POD 2 were higher in group-AF. Intensive care unit stay (69.8±47.1 vs 53.6±19.2, p=0.008) and lenght of stay (LOS>7 days, 58.6 vs 37%, p=0.039) were higher in group-AF. Advanced age (OR=1.099, p=0.018) and increased postoperative drainage (OR=1.001, p=0.045) were independent predictors of post-CABG AF.

Conclusions: Age and postoperative blood loss are independent predictors of post-CABG AF. β-blocker plus statin therapy seems to be the best medication of choice on reducing the incidence of post-CABG AF. However, new prospective studies about the efficacy of this combination therapy are required.

Keywords : Adrenergic beta-antagonists; atrial fibrillation/etiology; coronary artery bypass
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