ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Recurrent transfusion-related acute lung injury after open heart surgery: a case report
Tolga Baş1, Barış Malbora2, Murat Çapanoğlu3, Onur Işık1, Ali Kutsal1
1Dr. Sami Ulus Kadın Doğum, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye
2Dr. Sami Ulus Kadın Doğum, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Çocuk Hematolojisi Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye
3Dr. Sami Ulus Kadın Doğum, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2013.5531
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a rare clinical syndrome. The risk of a patient having more than one attack is very low. Clinical findings are dyspnea, hypoxemia, hypotension, bilateral pulmonary edema and fever. Granulocyte antibodies, human leukocyte antigen-1 (HLA)-1, HLA-2 antibodies and biologically active lipids like lysophosphatidylcholine in donor plasma are known to play a role in the pathophysiology of the disease. Triggering factors include sepsis, cytokine administration, recent history of surgery and massive blood transfusion. In this article, we report a case of 1.5-year-old girl operated due to congenital heart disease with frequent blood product transfusions and having TRALI attacks for four times, who recovered after cessation of blood product transfusions and supportive therapy.
Keywords : Cardiac surgery; child; recurrent transfusion-related acute lung injury; transfusion reaction; treatment
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