ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Durability of mitral valve repair: A single center experience
Salih Salihi1, Mustafa Güden2
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mega Medipol Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2019.18165
Background: This study aims to present clinical outcomes of mitral valve repair in patients with different etiologies.

Methods: Between June 2006 and August 2017, a total of 421 consecutive patients (266 males, 155 females; mean age 53.1±15.6 years; range, 5 to 89 years) who underwent mitral valve repair with or without concomitant cardiac procedures were retrospectively analyzed. All pre-, intra-, and postoperative data were collected. Echocardiographic examinations were performed at discharge and during follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate overall survival and from residual severe mitral regurgitation, endocarditis and reoperation-free survival rates.

Results: The mean follow-up was 58.9±35.1 months. Of the patients, 12 (2.8%) had previous cardiac operations. The most predominant pathology was degenerative disease in 265 patients (62.9%). Repair techniques included ring annuloplasty (n=366, 86.9%), artificial chordae implantation (n=185, 44%), and commissurotomy (n=38, 9%). Overall in-hospital mortality rate was 1.2% (n=5). Echocardiography before discharge showed no/trivial mitral regurgitation in 64.9% (n=270) and mild mitral regurgitation in 34.85% (n=145) of the patients. At the late postoperative period, transthoracic echocardiography revealed moderate mitral regurgitation in 23 patients (5.7%) and severe in 11 patients (2.7%). The mean late survival and freedom from endocarditis, reoperation, and recurrent severe mitral regurgitation rates were 92±0.03%, 98.5±0.07%, 98.1±0.01%, and 94.7±0.02%, respectively.

Conclusion: Our study results suggest that mitral valve repair is a safe and effective procedure associated with favorable longterm outcomes in experienced centers.

Keywords : Mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral valve annuloplasty
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