ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve implantation in a dysfunctional bioprosthetic valve
Alper Güzeltaş1, İbrahim Cansaran Tanıdır1, Bekir Yükcü1, Erman Cilsal1, Murat Şahin1
1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2021.20728

A 23-year-old female patient was being followed due to Ebstein anomaly since birth. Cone procedure was performed, when the patient reached 21 years old, due to the increased tricuspid valve insufficiency and New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class IV. Valve insufficiency was considered mild-to-moderate postoperatively. One month after the operation, the patient referred to the hospital with heart failure and echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid valve insufficiency. A Pericarbon More™ stented biological valve (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy) No. 31 was surgically implanted in the tricuspid position and an epicardial pacemaker was implanted due to permanent atrioventricular block after surgery. Although tricuspid valve functions were good during the early postoperative period, valve functions were gradually deteriorated over time. Two years after surgery, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed that one of the Pericarbon More™ valve leaflets was immobile, while the other leaflets were thickened, resulting in severe tricuspid valve insufficiency and moderate tricuspid valve stenosis (Video 1 and 2).

Video 1. Transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography prior to intervention showing one of the bioprosthetic valve leaflets not moving and other leaflets thickened. Severe prosthetic valve insufficiency and moderate prosthetic valve stenosis.

Video 2. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography showing one of the bioprosthetic valve leaflet not moving.

The patient was admitted to cardiac catheterization lab for transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve implantation. A 29-mm Edwards Sapien-XT® valve (Edwards Lifesciences Corp., CA, USA) was prepared with adding 2-cc extra volume to its balloon. The pacing rate of the epicardial pacemakers pacing rate increased to 180 bpm during valve implantation into the tricuspid position (Video 3). Severe tricuspid valve insufficiency and stenosis were diminished after new valve implantation. Angiographic stenosis gradient decreased from 15 mmHg to 5 mmHg, and the valve functions were good in the post-interventional period with no valvular insufficiency (Video 4 and 5).

Video 3. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation with Edwards Sapien XT® valve into the tricuspid position. Heart rate increasing to 180 bpm with epicardial pacemaker pacing while inflating the balloon to ensure valve stabilization.

Video 4. Transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography after surgery showing the movements of Edwards Sapien XT® valve. No insufficiency in color Doppler imaging.

Video 5. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography showing normal valve functions of Edwards Sapien XT® after the procedure.

In conclusion, transcatheter valve implantation into the bioprosthesis at the tricuspid valve position is an effective method for reducing the number of repetitive surgical interventions.[1-3]

Declaration of conflicting interests
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.