ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum in children
Cemal Aker1, Mahmuti Selin Onay1, Levent Cansever1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Health Sciences University, Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2024.25755

Abstract

Pneumothorax is a condition that describes the presence of air between the visceral and parietal pleura sheets and the consequent collapse of the lungs. The collapse of the lungs can be partial or total and can present in different clinical stages, such as a high-pressure pneumothorax that can cause a mediastinal shift. Pneumomediastinum is the presence of free air between the mediastinal tissues due to various causes. It can manifest spontaneously and be minimally symptomatic but can also develop due to severe complications. Its etiology includes numerous iatrogenic and traumatic factors. Although spontaneous pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum that develop in childhood are similar to adult patients, it is important to determine the appropriate treatment strategy in addition to the age group, the effectiveness of the treatment, the role of the applied treatment in reducing recurrence, and the etiologyoriented treatments if there is an underlying pathology.
Keywords : Children patients, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax
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