ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Pediatric mediastinal tumors
Ömer Soysal1, Fatma Betül Çakır2
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Bezmialem Vakıf University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Bezmialem Vakıf University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2024.25799

Abstract

Mediastinal tumors are the most common thoracic tumor in the pediatric population. They include a spectrum of tumors, and most are malignant. These lesions can be anatomically and radiologically classified by means of compartments; anterior, middle, and posterior. Symptoms, signs, localization of the tumor, age of the child, and tumor markers are key points of diagnosis. Surgical approaches are typically needed for diagnosis, but sometimes tru-cut needle biopsies may be sufficient. Mediastinoscopy, mediastinotomy, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery may be used in the diagnostic workup of mediastinal tumors in children as they are used in adults. Frequently, diagnosis and treatment are both established by means of surgery. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment of most benign and malignant nonlymphoid tumors. Combined modality of treatment incorporating chemotherapy and radiotherapy is often required in malignant tumors and is associated with high survival rates in these patients.
Keywords : Mediastinum, pediatric, tumor
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