ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Effects of discharge teaching and counselling on anxiety and depression level of CABG patients
Fatma Cebeci1, Sevilay Şenol Çelik2
1Department of Surgical Nursing, Akdeniz University, Antalya School of Health Sciences, Antalya
2Department of Surgical Nursing, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2011.007
Background: In this study we evaluate the effect of discharge teaching and counselling on anxiety and depression levels of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Methods: Hundred and nine patients were included in this quasi-experimental survey study and divided into two groups as; the intervention group (n=57) and the control group (n=52). Patients in the intervention group were given planned discharge teaching and counselling by the research nurse beginning from hospitalization while the patients in the control group did not receive planned discharge teaching and counselling other than the routine clinical procedures. The patient data were collected using the “Personal Information Form” and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The anxiety and depression levels of the patients in the control and intervention groups were measured on the day of their admission to the hospital, on the day of discharge and one week and one month after discharge using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

Results: It was found that the mean anxiety and depression scores of the patients in the intervention group were lower than in the control group at the time of discharge and one week and one month after discharge.

Conclusion: Discharge training and counselling service given to patients in the intervention group had a positive impact on alleviating the anxiety and depression they had. Therefore, the institutions may be recommended to support multidisciplinary patient training and counselling activities using the methods decribed in this study.

Keywords : Anxiety; coronary artery bypass; counselling; depression; discharge teaching
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