ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Association between deletion polymorphism of angiotensin converting enzyme gene and pulmonary hypertension in pulmonary thromboembolism
Şahin Bozok1, Gökhan İlhan1, Buğra Destan1, Hakan Karamustafa1, Sedat Ozan Karakişi1, Mustafa Çetin2, Nebiye Tüfekçi1, Cemal Aslan1, Mustafa Emir1
1Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery, Rize University Faculty of Medicine, Rize Training and Research Hospital, Rize, Turkey
2Departments of Cardiology, Rize University Faculty of Medicine, Rize Training and Research Hospital, Rize, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2012.053
Background: This study aims to identify the association between pulmonary arterial pressure and insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of ACE gene in the patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) due to various reasons.

Methods: A total of 48 patients (23 females, 25 males; mean age 60±13 years; range 42 to 78 years) were included in the study. Patients with PTE were classified according to carrying of ACE D allele. Group 1 consisted of patients with wild type, while group 2 consisted of patients with ACE D allele carrier.

Results: Tweny-eight patients (58%) had ACE ID (heterozygous) genotype, while six (13%) had ACE DD (homozygous) genotype. The remaining 14 (29%) had no deletion allele of ACE gene. The mean systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) was 45.7±17 mmHg in patients with ID genotype, 70.1±20 mmHg in those with DD genotype, and 32.5±9 mmHg in those with II genotype. The comparison of the patients who carried ACE D allele with those who did not demonstrated that the former group had significantly higher levels of sPAP (32.5±8.8 versus 50.8±20 mmHg, p=0.017). It was found that carrying of ACE D allele (Exp(B): 7.331, p=0.032) was found to be independent predictor of pulmonary hypertension in patients with PTE.

Conclusion: In conclusion, we believe that the risk for the development of pulmonary hypertension is higher especially in PTE cases with deletion polymorphism of ACE gene. Therefore, evaluation of the ACE gene in these patients will contribute to shed light into the etiology and prognosis of the disease.

Keywords : ACE D allele; ACE I/D gene polymorphism; pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary thromboembolism
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