ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Factors affecting surgical outcomes after superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism
Volkan Yüksel1, Orkut Güçlü1, Elif Çiçek Yılmaz2, Serhat Hüseyin1, Taha Özkara1, Yavuz Atakan Sezer3, Suat Canbaz1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
3Department of General Surgery, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2017.14466
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the operative results of superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism and influential factors for mortality in patients undergoing surgery for acute mesenteric ischemia.

Methods: Between January 2011 and December 2016, 28 consecutive patients (15 males, 13 females; mean age 71.2±10 years; range 48 to 89 years) diagnosed and operated for acute mesenteric ischemia were included in the study. The results of open revascularization procedures and influential factors for mortality were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: Abdominal pain was the major complaint, followed by nausea and vomiting. The diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography angiography and Duplex ultrasonography. Thromboembolectomy was performed in the majority of the patients, while autologous saphenous vein bypass and transposition were performed in eligible patients. Revascularization procedures prevented bowel resection in 10 patients. The mortality rate was 35.7% due to respiratory, renal, and cardiac pathologies. Postoperative respiratory failure and admission to hospital later than six hours after the onset of abdominal pain were identified as the factors affecting mortality.

Conclusion: Our study results showed that postoperative respiratory failure and late admission after the onset of abdominal pain were associated with postoperative mortality, whereas intestinal resection requirement did not contribute to the mortality rates. Based on our study results, we suggest that exploratory laparotomy and thromboembolectomy are essential in evaluating the viability of the bowel and in continuation of the mesenteric perfusion.

Keywords : Embolektomi; mezenterik iskemi; superior mezenterik arter
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