ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Is open surgery necessary for metastatic pulmonary tumors evaluated with thorax tomography?
Hüseyin Çakmak1, Arif Osman Tokat2, Sezgin Karasu2
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2018.15117
Background: This study aims to compare the tomographic evaluations and intraoperative findings of patients treated surgically for primary tumors and who had pulmonary metastasis.

Methods: The study included 160 patients (102 males, 58 females; mean age 34.6±14.3 years; range, 11 to 64 years) who underwent pulmonary metastasectomy. The primary focus was surgically excised and no metastases other than pulmonary were detected on scans. Preoperative tomographic images together with the findings of the open surgical intervention were evaluated and compared.

Results: A total of 296 surgical resection were performed and 345 metastatic lesions were excised in 166 open surgical procedures. In 35 patients (21.9%), 71 (20.6%) metastatic lesions were detected in tomographic evaluations although no lesions had been detected on direct radiographs. In 29 patients (18.1%), 33 (9.6%) metastatic lesions, which had not been detected radiologically, were found intraoperatively.

Conclusion: Tomographic evaluation is used in the follow-up of patients with malignancy but as for pulmonary metastasis it is not efficient and adequate. Therefore, open surgery should be the preferred approach for intraoperative detection of metastases that cannot be detected radiologically. Open surgical resection for pulmonary metastasis can be performed safely with low rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality.

Keywords : Metastasectomy; pulmonary metastases; thoracotomy
Viewed : 4283
Downloaded : 784