ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Quantitative volumetric metabolic measurement of solitary pulmonary nodules by F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography
Tarık Şengöz1, Dogangün Yüksel1, Olga Yaylalı1, Haydar Arslan2, Ferda Bir3
1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pamukkale University Medical Faculty, Denizli, Turkey
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Trabzon Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey
3Department of Pathologhy, Pamukkale University Medical Faculty, Denizli, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2019.17582
Background: This study aims to evaluate the effect of quantitative volumetric metabolic measurements in F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomographycomputed tomography to distinguish benign and malignant solitary pulmonary nodules.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 78 patients (56 males; 22 females; mean age 61±11.9 years; range, 32 to 82 years) with solitary pulmonary nodules who underwent F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography. Patients were classified as benign, malignant and metastatic lesions according to pathology results. Metabolic volume, maximum standardized uptake value, mean standardized uptake value, maximum metabolic index and mean metabolic index were measured. Mean, median and standard error values were calculated for each group. Nonparametric tests were used for the comparison of each group. Partial correlation analysis was used for the relationship between parameters. For all parameters, cut-off values were obtained with receiver operating characteristic analysis.

Results: Of 78 lesions, 10 were benign (12.8%), 38 were primary lung carcinoma (48.7%) and 30 were metastatic lung nodules (38.5%). There was a significant difference between benign lesions and primary lung cancer and between primary lung cancer and metastatic groups in all parameters (p<0.05). We determined highly significant positive correlation between maximum standardized uptake value and maximum metabolic index (r=0.73; p<0.05), and moderate positive correlation between mean standardized uptake value and mean metabolic index (r=0.56; p<0.05). In receiver operating characteristic analysis, maximum standardized uptake value and mean standardized uptake value were found to be the most sensitive and specific methods for benign/malignant discrimination. In the cut-off value=2.59, the sensitivity and specificity for maximum standardized uptake value were 98.0% and 91.7%, respectively. In the cut-off value=1.65, the sensitivity and specificity for mean standardized uptake value were 94.0% and 91.7%, respectively.

Conclusion: Maximum metabolic index value is highly correlated with maximum standardized uptake value in benign/malignant solitary pulmonary nodules discrimination by F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomographycomputed tomography. Maximum metabolic index can also be used for discrimination of primary/metastatic malignant lesions.

Keywords : F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography, metabolic index, solitary pulmonary nodule, standardized uptake value
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