ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Extended resections in the treatment of locally advanced lung cancer
Ömer Topaloğlu1, Atila Türkyılmaz1, Sami Karapolat1, Alaaddin Buran1, Celal Tekinbaş1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2023.24788
Background: This study aims to evaluate surgical outcomes and prognosis in patients who underwent extended lung resection for locally advanced lung cancer.

Methods: Between January 2015 and December 2019, a total of 61 patients (60 males, 1 female; mean age: 61.7±12.2 years; range, 32 to 90 years) with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent extended lung resection were retrospectively analyzed. Data including age, sex, comorbid diseases, symptoms, smoking status, pulmonary function test results, tumor location, methods used for preoperative tissue diagnosis, histopathological cell type, type of surgical resection, pathological stage, nodal involvement, postoperative complications, types of adjuvant therapy, and mortality rate were recorded. Survival and the factors affecting survival were examined.

Results: Seven (11.4%) patients had Stage IIIB, 40 (65.5%) patients had Stage IIIA, and 14 (22.9%) patients had Stage IB disease. Intrapericardial pneumonectomy accounted for 30 (49.1%) of all extended lung resections. Chemotherapy was administered to 31 (50.8%) patients and chemoradiotherapy to 24 (39.3%) patients in the postoperative period. In the survival analysis, 70-month survival rate was calculated as 63.9% and the median survival was 48 months. There was a statistically significant association between survival with adjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy (p=0.003). The mortality rate at 70 months of follow-up was 36.1%.

Conclusion: Extended lung resection contributes significantly to the improvement of survival rates in carefully selected locally advanced cases. Particularly with adjuvant chemotherapy, local recurrences can be prevented, and survival rates can be improved.

Keywords : Chemotherapy, extended resection, locally advanced disease, lung cancer
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