ISSN : 1301-5680
e-ISSN : 2149-8156
Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     
Complications associated with carotid body tumor excision
Ali Kemal Gür1, Mehmet Coşkun Aykaç2, Mahmut Yarğı3, Esra Eker41
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicine Faculty of Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Medicine Faculty of Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey
3Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Van Region Training and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey
4Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Van Region Training and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2018.13614
Background: This study aims to evaluate associated complications of carotid tumor excisions and outcomes.

Methods: Between January 2013 and April 2016, a total of 29 patients (2 males, 27 females; mean age 55.2±4.4 years; range, 17 to 76 years) were operated with the preliminary diagnosis of a carotid body tumor. According to the Shamblin classification of carotid body tumors, 12 patients were type 1, 13 patients were type 2, and four patients were type 3.

Results: Main symptoms were dizziness, pain in the neck area, tinnitus, and headache. Headache was the most common symptom among them. Neurological and surgical complications developed in 10 patients (34.4%). Of operated patients, dysphagia developed in three (8.7%), facial hemiparesis in two (6.8%), hemorrhage in two (6.8%), hematoma-related respiratory distress in one (3.4%), left hemiparesis in one (3.4%), and transient bradycardia in one (3.4%). The patient who had respiratory distress associated with bleeding following extubation was reoperated. In the patients with facial and left hemiparesis, paresis was transient. Dysphagia also resolved in the subsequent follow-up outpatient visits. None of the patients experienced a permanent complication.

Conclusion: Surgical excision is the most appropriate choice of treatment in carotid body tumors, and postoperative complications can be minimized through careful dissections and retractions. A special attention should be paid to nerve-preserving surgery.

Keywords : Carotid body tumors; complications; excision
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